Medical Courses
Medical Specializations in India
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Different Streams of Medicine

What are the different specialisations offered in Medical colleges in India

Students pursuing any medical degree can also opt for postgraduate options for specialization in medicine like MSc in Medicine, Doctor of Medicine, Masters in Emergency Medicine, etc.

December 13, 2021

By CoachingSelect


The medical arena is filled with immense scope because of the incremental role they play in medical treatment and care. So, if you are also looking to make a place for yourself in the field, then pursuing specialization medicine degree will be the best entry point for you.

Nowadays, every country in the world offers world-class medical education and one amongst those destinations in India which is known for its Medical schools and colleges institutions. So, if you are planning to pursue Specialization then, India might be a good option for you.

MBBS Full Form

Medicinae Baccalaureus Baccalaureus Chirurgiae (Latin)
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science.

Average Course Fee

4 Lakhs-15 Lakhs/Year


5.5+1 Year Internship


Entrance Exam


Best Institute in India

AIIMS Delhi – All India Institute of Medical Sciences


Specialization In medicine: Students pursuing any medical degree can also opt for postgraduate options for specialization in medicine like MSc in Medicine, Doctor of Medicine, Masters in Emergency Medicine, etc. There are numerous MBBS specializations offered by medical colleges in India and overseas for students to consider.

Top Medical Colleges in India & their Fee Structure

A number of public and private universities across India offer MBBS. The fees of MBBS in India can go up to as high as 21 lakhs per annum depending on the institution that you have chosen for yourself. Even though private universities and colleges charge high fees, you can complete your MBBS degree from Public institutions at an economical rate. To give you more idea, given below is a list of top universities for pursuing MBBS in India along with their fee structures.


University Type

Fees (per annum)

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi


INR 1,628

Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore


INR 48,330

Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune


INR 31,870

Kasturba Medical College(KMC), Karnataka


INR 1,440,000

Maulana Azad Medical College (MAMC), Delhi


INR 15,450

Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry


INR 4,970

Lady Hardinge Medical College (LHMC), Delhi


INR 1,400

Madras Medical College (MMC), Chennai


INR 1,12,750

Grant Medical College and Sir J.J.Group of Hospitals, Mumbai


INR 2,49,000

King George’s Medical University (KGMU), Uttar Pradesh


INR 54,900

Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Tamil Nadu


INR 2,200,000


Eligibility Criteria for MBBS in India

Even though different colleges may have their specific requirements, there are some basic requirements that you need to fulfil in order to be eligible for pursuing MBBS in India.

  1. The candidates must have completed their 10+2 education in the science stream. Physics, chemistry and biology is compulsory.

  2. The candidate must have passed high school with a minimum average grade of 50%.

  3. The candidates must be more than 17 years of age while applying to do an MBBS in India and the candidate’s age should not be more than 25 years while applying.

  4. Candidates must have qualified the NEET-UG examination. Other than that some Universities have their own entrance examination that you need to qualify in order to apply to them.

Specialization in Medical Colleges India

After completing your MBBS in India, you can go on and study further or do research at the educational front like acquiring MS Or MD degree in a specialisation of your choice. But If you wish to enter the professional filed after your MBBS then also you will find yourself in the midst of a number of opportunities apart from being a Doctor. Here is a list of top professionas that an MBBS degree holder gets after completing their studies.

    Specializations: There are numerous types of dentist job profiles for students to pursue after completing the required academic qualification. Some of the popular dental specialties within the field are listed below.

  • Endodontics

  • Oral and maxillofacial pathology

  • Prosthodontics

  • Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics

  • Periodontics

  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery

  • Oral medicine

  • Dental anesthesiology

  • Oral and maxillofacial radiology

  • Dental public health

  • Orofacial pain

  • Pediatric dentistry

Careers in Dentistry: let’s explore the varied range of career opportunities in Dentistry. Here are some of the specialized career prospects you can explore in this field:

  • Oral Surgeon

  • Orthodontist

  • Endodontic

  • Periodontist

  • Prosthodontist

  • Pedodontist


Understanding the Course: Psychiatry is one of the most important branches under psychology which focuses on the study and treatment of mental illness, emotional behaviour and disorders. Students who want to pursue professional education in the field of Psychiatry can pursue various degrees and diploma courses which provides them with sufficient knowledge and skills to enter the industry and explore various job prospects at the global level. The courses provide students with various techniques and approaches which helps them understand the challenges and concepts of the subject. There are several colleges offering undergraduate, postgraduate, diploma courses to prepare students with the required knowledge and skills.

How to Become a Psychiatrist Pursuing Diploma Courses: There are various diploma courses that students can pursue after class 12th, that provides them with in-depth understanding of the field within a short span of time. Diploma courses can help students look for entry-level work opportunities in various firms. Here is a list of some of the diploma courses to pursue a career in Psychiatry:

  • Diploma in Clinical and Community Psychology

  • Diploma in Counselling Psychology

  • Diploma in Psychiatric Medicine

  • Diploma in Psychiatric Nursing

  • Post Graduate Diploma in Psychiatry

How to Become a Psychiatrist Pursuing Bachelor Degree Programs
Earning a bachelor’s degree from a recognized college can increase your chances of becoming a successful psychiatrist. Bachelor’s program provides students with in-depth knowledge of Psychiatry. The course provides students with a deep understanding of mental health, human behaviour and mental disorders which affect the social environment and social behaviour. Students are equipped with various methodologies and techniques to identify different mental disorders and provide sufficient treatment and diagnosis. There are several colleges offering bachelor degree programs in medical psychology. Here is a list of some bachelor degree programs:

  • Bachelors in Clinical Research

  • Bachelors in Psychology

  • Bachelors of Science in Clinical Psychology

  • Bachelors of Science in Neurobiology

  • Bachelors of Science in Human Behavior


Who is a Neurologist & Who is a Neurosurgeon?: Let’s first understand the basic career description of Neurologist vs Neurosurgeon: A neurologist is a doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and the treatment of any medical condition concerning the brain, and the nervous system. They also treat disorders like neurodevelopmental disorders, learning disabilities and all subsidiary conditions that affect the central nervous system. Neurosurgeons are trained to treat people with surgical procedures in conditions that are chronic and affect the normal functioning of the nervous system like in the case of Parkinson’s disease, aneurysms, birth defects etc.


A Master of Surgery is a postgraduate course that includes the fundamentals of surgical theories and assessments. This is an ideal program for anyone wishing to pursue a career in surgery. Master of Surgery is a 3-year professional course and makes students with a thorough knowledge of the different elements of surgery. The course includes a wide variety of concepts involving different surgical methods for the treatment or diagnosis of a human body. Students are taught the subtleties of human anatomy, microbiology, biochemistry, pathology, etc. The course allows students to gain an in-depth understanding of complex surgeries and to conduct clinical and academic evaluations for treatments.

Different Specialisations of Master of Surgery

As a Master of Surgery student, you will have a varied knowledge of various surgeries, diseases, brain chemistry and diseases. Here are the various specialisations that are offered in this course of Master of Surgery or MSc in Surgery:



Open Surgery

Open Surgery specialisation in Master of Surgery is the basic and a traditional element of Surgery in which an incision is made using a tool to give a complete view of structures and organs to the surgeons.


Laparoscopy is a specialisation under Master of Surgery which is performed in the abdomen or pelvis using small incisions using surgery cameras to check the organs and examine the abnormalities.


Endoscopy in Master of Surgery is a procedure to examine the interior of a hollow organ or cavity in the body. It is executed through a small tube with a light and a camera lens at the top. Master of surgery provides students with various practical knowledge where students learn about various tissue samples and testing of different organs.


In a Master of Surgery, students get to learn about examining, treating and repairing the inside of bones, joints, knees, shoulders, etc. Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which surgeons look at the interior of a joint with the use of an arthroscope. It involves various techniques of examining the skeleton structure of the human body, different joints and their treatment.


Neurosurgery is that specialisation under Master of Surgery that deals with matters of the human brain and other parts of the nervous system and spinal cord.

Ophthalmological Surgery

Ophthalmological Surgery is one of the modern specialisations under Master of Surgery that deals with such latest and technological driven procedures and surgical methods, including laser surgery, to perform operations that correct problems and promote faster recovery in human beings, while minimizing the amount of pain experienced by the patient during the conventional way of performing a surgery

Other types/ specialisations of surgery are as follows:

  • Vascular or Cardiovascular

  • Urological

  • Thoracic

  • Robotic

  • Plastic and Reconstructive

  • Pediatric

  • Orthopaedics

  • Gynaecological

  • Endocrine

  • Colon and Rectal and many more


Gynecologist is a person who successfully completes their five – MBBS degree and additional M.D. and M.S in treating and diagnosing diseases affecting the female body. The treatment method comprises both surgical and medical procedures. Students need to hold specialization in these three different disciplines:

  • Gynecology for female reproductive health

  • Obstetrics for delivery and the pregnancy process

  • Reproductive Medicine

A Gynecologist Is an expert in performing surgeries in addition to having theoretical knowledge. A gynecologist, then, is a woman’s medical and surgical specialist. Regardless of whichever hospital or institution you work for, gynecologists are constantly in great demand. This is a noble profession because you will be educating and counseling women during their pregnancy.

Popular Courses for Gynecology: In India, there are a variety of post-graduate degrees that might help you in becoming a gynecologist. You’ll have to choose wisely based on your objectives. If you want to become a Gynecologist in India, here are some of the finest courses to consider:

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics, which is a two-year programme. For this course, you must have completed your MBBS.

  • Master of Surgery (M.S.) in Gynecology, which is also a two-year programme, you must have completed your MBBS for this course.

  • Diplomate of Medicine (D.N.B.) in Gynecology, which is also a three-year programme. For this course, you must have completed your MBBS.

  • Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) in Gynecology is a three-year programme, and you must have completed MBBS to be considered for admission.


Bachelor of Optometry Specializations: The Bachelor of Optometry degree is a speciality in the field of visual health and eye care in and of itself. Following that, the profession concentrates on routine vision care, including eye contact and prescription glasses, among other things. However, because eye health is a broad subject with many interconnections, the following specialities are occasionally available:

  • Optometry: A specialised study in optometry includes learning how to perform eye examinations, interpret and prescribe corrective eye lenses, diagnose and cure problems, and so on.

  • Operation Theatre Technology: Students in this specialisation learn how to manage and work in the operating room, including how to use surgical equipment, dress patients, and make other arrangements for an eye operation.

  • Ophthalmic Technology: A specialist education in Ophthalmic Technology focuses on eye care especially. Eye examination, ocular illnesses, visual impairments, corrective surgery, optics, and other topics are covered in the curriculum.


Who is a Cardiologist?: A Cardiologist is a doctor who specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating various medical diseases and conditions related to heart and blood vessels, such as vascular diseases, heart attacks, congenital heart defects, heart rhythm disturbance, heart failures, coronary artery disease, etc. They are responsible for counselling and consulting the patients regarding maintain cardiac fitness and management of cholesterol.

Types of Cardiologists

  • Cardiology Surgeon

  • ECG (electrocardiographic) Technologist

  • Cardiac Catheterization Technologist

  • Interventional Cardiologist

  • Nuclear Cardiologist

  • Cardiology Director

Responsibilities of a Cardiologist

  • Diagnosing patients based on test and lab results

  • Creating a customized treatment plan for all patients

  • Prescribing medications and therapy as needed to treat conditions

  • Providing on-going care and follow-up with patients on their treatment progress

  • Educating patients about the risk of heart disease and prevention techniques

  • Analyzing results of diagnostic tests and labs

Final Words:

So, this is all that you needed to know about doing specialization in medical science is India. MBBS and further specialization is definitely one of the toughest courses but once you finish the course you will find yourself in a world full of opportunities. If you are also exploring MBBS & Specialization courses abroad, our CoachingSelect counsellors are here to lend you a helping hand for your better future!

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