M.Tech and M.S
Difference between MS and MTech
PG Program in Science and Technology

Difference between MS and MTech

M.Tech is a course centric program focused mainly on Industries and M.S is a research-centric programme, let's check out the detailed difference between two for better understanding.

June 04, 2022

By Coaching Select


Mtech vs MS





Name of the Program

Master of Technology

Master of Science


2 years

1 to 2 years

Course Structure

It is a technical course with more practical applications

The course is more theoretical and research-based

Entrance Exam

GATE (India)GRE (Abroad)

GATE (India)GRE (Abroad)


The curriculum will revolve around the technical application of the chosen specialization

The curriculum will be related to theoretical aspects of the specialization opted along with research opportunities


Non-medical specializations such as Computer Science, Mechanical, Electronics etc

Medical as well as Non-Medical options such as Biological, Chemistry, Physics etc

Higher Studies




Generally, Candidates pursue full-time jobs

Candidates are more into pursuing their research

Eligibility Criteria of M.Sc and M.Tech

If you are eyeing one of the postgraduate courses in either science or engineering, you will be required to meet the M.Sc and M.Tech courses’ eligibility criteria in India.

  • For both Master of Science and Master of Technology courses, the eligibility criteria require the candidates to possess a graduate degree, preferably in the same field and discipline as the one they choose to pursue.
  • However, in almost all the colleges, the candidates must have obtained a minimum of 55% or above in their graduation.
  • Many institutes and colleges across the country take admission to the different science or engineering programmes based on the candidates’ marks in an entrance test conducted by the varsity themselves or at the national level.
  • Candidates need to appear for Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineering (GATE), which is applicable for admission to the M.Tech programmes in various educational institutes.
  • However, aspiring candidates must note that every institute or college or university that offers different M. Tech programmes take admission based on the performance or the rank obtained by the student in GATE alone.
  • Many universities and institutes conduct their entrance tests to take admission in those institutes. Therefore, before applying for admission to any of the institutes, the candidates must check out the eligibility criteria and other institute requirements.

As conveyed by the name, M tech will take you on a tour in the world of Technology. The curriculum is designed to facilitate more industry-specific needs. It will equip you with various latest advancements in the chosen field. On the other hand, if you want to delve deeper in the domain of science and research then MS would be a better option for you.

  • Both the programs are open for the students who have studied the science stream subjects. Being popular options after BTech and BSc courses, both the programs have several varied aspects, especially in the terms of their focus.
  • Mtech is a technical course with various engineering specializations on offer whereas MS is more theory specific elucidating research options.


  • MTech will enable you to specialize under the chosen branch of engineering. On the other hand, MS will be a treat for the ones wanting to learn core scientific knowledge of the field.
  • A majority of universities in India offer MTech under a wide variety of specializations but MS is not that popular course in the country, instead, it is offered in the form of MSc.
  • On the contrary, you may encounter limited MTech programs abroad as MS is offered prominently.

Specializations: Mtech vs MS

  • Often students opt for a similar field in MTech as that of their bachelor’s degree (BTech). Some frequently opted MTech specialization are: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Information and Technology Engineering, etc.
  • Whilst the MS course can be pursued in medical and non-medical branches such as Chemistry, Biology, Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence etc.


M.Tech (India)



Post Graduation

Post Graduation


2 years (4 semesters)

1 – 2 years


Must be a graduate in BTech/ BE

3.0 GPA on the scale of 4.0 GPA

Fees Structure

INR 50,000 – 2,00,000

13,200 – 141,000 USD

Entrance Exams

Other Mtech entrance exams

IELTS – 6.5 -7.5
TOEFL– 87 – 102
GRE– 292 – 328

Career Paths

Senior Engineer, Project Manager, Researcher, Technical Consultant, Technical Scientist, Account Manager, etc.

Top Recruiting Companies -Amazon, Facebook, Google, Cognizant, Cisco System, Booz, Allen & Hamilton Group, etc.

Average Salary

INR 3 – 6 LPA



Entrance Exams

To all the dexterous students aspiring to earn a degree in MTech or MS have to qualify competitive exams in order to secure admission. Any study destination, whether in India or Abroad, would require you to present high scores in entrance exams to secure your seat in the field of your choice. In India, you will have to qualify the GATE exam for both the courses, though some institutions may accept GRE for MS. Universities abroad would accept GRE scores for both the courses.

Career Scope: Mtech vs MS

Since both the programs have different approaches in the field of science, thus, you can target various industries after earning a degree in your dream course. Oftentimes Mtech graduates are picked up by leading organisations or IT companies for high profile technical roles. MS graduates are often placed in R&D companies. Also, the field of research stands open for MS students.

Choosing between M.TECH and M.S.

M.Tech is a course centric program focused mainly on Industries and M.S is a research-centric programme the most basic difference between M.Tech(M.E) and M.S.

  • Admission to an M.S. program depends on the score of the entrance exam as well as the interview round whereas admission to an M.Tech(M.E) program depends on the candidate’s GATE score and in some cases Institutes internal tests.
  • If a student wants to be trained in a specific stream within the discipline of engineering the M.E./M.Tech is the choice. The student is trained to work in an industry as well as take up some research work with the degree of M.Tech(M.E) in hand. The students are trained to take up a career in research in industry or academia as far as M.S. is concerned.
  • The M.Tech(M.E) has a course duration of strictly 2 years. Duration of M.S. can extend even up to 3 or 4 years, depending on the status of the project. The M.S. degree is granted to the student only on completion of the project taken up for his/her masters.
  • Program to take up really depends on the interest of the student and their career plan. Both M.Tech(M.E) and M.S. have equivalent values.


Is MS degree equivalent to M Tech?

Equivalency dependents on the subjects covered under the degree. For example, an MS in Electrical Engineering can be equivalent to Mtech Electrical Engineering provided the core subjects and curriculum of the course work is same.


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