Q&A

Civil Services 2022

Civil Services Exam (CSE) in India is a nationwide competitive examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Via the Civil Services Examination, the UPSC recruits candidates for various Central and All India Civil Service posts in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS) etc.

Important Dates
1
Registration Begins :
February 2, 2022
2
Last Date for Application :
February 22, 2022
3
Admit Card Release :
May 2022
4
Exam Date :
June 5, 2022 (Prelims), September 16, 2022 (Mains 5 days)
5
Result :
July, 2022
Exam Details
Website :
https://www.upsc.gov.in/
Mode :
Classroom
Exam Fee :
₹100
Reservation :
Yes
Exam Frequency :
Annual
Duration :
2 Hours (20 minutes per hour extra time for blind candidates)
Conducted By :
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Languages :
Hindi, English
Eligibility
Min Age : 21 Years (not earlier than 2nd August 1989)
Max Age : 32 Years (not later than 1st August 2000), For SC & ST maximum of 5 years in additional, For OBC maximum of 3 years in additional
Number of Attempts : General/EWS- 6 attempts, OBC- 9 attempts, SC/ST and Person with Disabilities- Till the age limit
Qualification Criteria : Any BACHELOR'S degree
Aggregate Percentage / Marks Required : There is no minimum qualifying percentage as the IAS eligibility condition.
Marking Scheme, Pattern & Cut-Offs
Stages :
3
Negative Marking :
1/3rd marks will be deducted for each incorrect response.
Maximum Marks :
400 (200 each paper)

Syllabus

UPSC Syllabus For Civil Services Prelims Examination

The UPSC Civil Services Prelims has two papers namely General Studies-I and General Studies-II (CSAT). Check out the IAS syllabus for both the UPSC papers below:

UPSC Syllabus for Prelims: Paper-I

The IAS Syllabus for UPSC Prelims Exam includes the following topics:

  1. Current Events of National and International Importance.
  2. History of India and Indian National Movement.
  3. Indian and World Geography - Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  4. Indian Polity and Governance - Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  5. Economic and Social Development - Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  6. General Issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization General Science

UPSC Syllabus For Prelims: General Studies Paper-II

The GS-II in UPSC Prelims is also known as CSAT or Civil Services Aptitude Test. The following topics are included in the IAS syllabus for this paper:

  1. Comprehension
  2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  3. Logica l reasoning and analytical ability
  4. Decision-making and problem solving
  5. General mental ability
  6. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc., - Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc., - Class X level)

 

UPSC Syllabus For Civil Services Mains Examination

PAPER-I Essay:

Candidates may be required to write essays on multiple topics. They will be expected to arrange their ideas in an orderly fashion and write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

PAPER-II General Studies-I: Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society.

  1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature & Architecture from ancient to modern times.

  2. Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
  3. The Freedom Struggle - its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  4. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  5. History of the World will include events from the 18th century, such as the Industrial Revolution, World Wars, redraw of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc., - their forms and effects on the society.
  6. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women's organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society - Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  7. Salient features of the world's physical geography.
  8. Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India); Important Geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location - changes in critical geographical features (including waterbodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

PAPER-III General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations.

  1. Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions, and basic structure.

  2. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  3. Separation of powers between various organs, dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  4. Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries, Parliament and State Legislatures - structure, functioning, the conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
  5. Structure, organization, and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  6. Salient features of the Representation of People's Act.
  7. Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions, and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
  8. Statutory, regulatory, and various quasi-judicial bodies, Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  9. Development processes and the development industry - the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  10. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Center and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  11. Issues related to development and management of Social Sector/Services in the field of Health, Education, Human Resources.
  12. Issues related to poverty and hunger.
  13. Important aspects of governance, transparency, and accountability, e-governance - applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  14. Role of Civil Services in a democracy.
  15. India and its neighbourhood - relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian diaspora.
  16. Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV General Studies-III: Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.

  1. Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

  2. Government Budgeting. Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
  3. E-technology in the aid of farmers Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices;
  4. Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  5. Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
  6. Land reforms in India. Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  7. Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  8. Investment models. Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievement of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  9. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
  10. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.
  11. Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  12. Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  13. Challenges to internal security through communication networks, the role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  14. Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

PAPER-V General Studies- IV: Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude

This paper will include questions to test the candidates' attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem-solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects.
The following broad areas will be covered. Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

  1. Human Values - lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; the role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  2. Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  3. Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections.
  4. Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and the world.
  5. Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  6. Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
  7. Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen's Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. Case Studies on the above issues.

Paper-VI: Optional Paper-I

  1. Optional Subject -Paper I (250 Marks) )

Paper-VII: Optional Paper-III

  1. Optional Subject - Paper-II (250 marks)

List of Optional Subject for UPSC Mains

Agriculture

Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science

Anthropology

Botany

Chemistry

Civil Engineering

Commerce and Accountancy

Economics

Electrical Engineering

Geography

Geology

History

Law

Management

Mathematics

Mechanical Engineering

Medical Science

Philosophy

Physics

Political Science and International Relations

 

Phase 3: Interview/Personality Test (275 Marks)

  1. Candidates who are selected after the UPSC Mains Exam move to the next and final phase called Personality Test/Interview. Here, the candidates are interviewed by a competent and unbiased board. This board will have the candidate's DAF (Detail Application Form) with them.
  2. The interview round is held to assess the candidate's social traits and his interest in current affairs. The motive of the board is to analyze the personal aptness of the candidate for a career in public service
  3. Candidates can give interviews in their preferred language as UPSC will make arrangements for the translators.

Personality Test:

  1. The Interview test will consist of 275 marks.
  2. The total mark of the written examination is 1750 Marks.
  3. Therefore, the grand total will consist of 2025 Marks

Reservation Criteria

As per the Govt. Norms

Exam Information & Centers

Ahmedabad Dehradun Mumbai
Aizawl Delhi Patna
Allahabad Dispur (Guwahati) Raipur
Bangaluru Hyderabad Ranchi
Bhopal Jaipur Shillong
Chandigarh Jammu Shimla
Chennai Kolkata Thiruvananthapuram
Cuttack Lucknow Vijayawada

Frequently Asked Questions

Q. What are the subjects included in UPSC Syllabus For Prelims?

A. In UPSC Prelims GS-I, questions are asked from History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Science (Physics, Chemistry, Biology), Environmental Science and Current Affairs. The GS Paper II although is qualifying in nature has questions from Maths, English (Reading Comprehension) and Logical Reasoning.